Leonard W. Liang, MD
More than 200,000 cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed each year. Dr. Liang uses advanced diagnostic and treatment techniques to identify cancer at its earliest stages and effectively treat it.
Enlarged Prostate FAQ
Enlargement of the prostate is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), a condition that commonly occurs as men age. Other causes of prostate enlargement are prostate cancer and prostatitis, an inflammation of the prostate gland that may or may not be caused by an infection.
Having an exam is the best way to understand what might be causing your prostate to be enlarged.
Common symptoms of enlarged prostate include:
When an enlarged prostate is caused by an infection, it can also cause pain during urination and pain or aching in the lower back.
One of the primary risks is the development of urinary tract infections, including bladder and kidney infections, as the prostate begins to block more and more of the flow of urine. Urinary stones are also more common in men with enlarged prostates.
When an enlarged prostate is caused by infection, the infection can eventually spread to other organs if not treated.
Treatment of BPH depends on the size of your prostate, your age and overall health, and the severity of your symptoms. Options include medications to shrink the prostate and relax the bladder muscles, minimally invasive procedures to remove or reduce the size of the prostate, laser therapy and surgical removal of the prostate. Prostatitis is treated with antibiotics, and sometimes surgery to repair damage from advanced prostatitis.